Missing Philippines activists say ‘we were abducted by the military’ – as security chiefs cry ‘fake news’

Two environmental activists allegedly abducted by the Philippine military more than two weeks ago were freed on Tuesday, sparking jubilation among supporters who had campaigned for their release.

Jonila Castro, 21, and Jhed Tamano, 22, had been working with coastal communities opposed to reclamation activities in Manila Bay when they disappeared on September 2 in Bataan province, near the capital Manila.

The Philippines is one of the most dangerous countries in the world for land and environmental defenders, with 11 killed in 2022, according to watchdog Global Witness.
An aerial shot shows a land reclamation site in Manila Bay last month. The two women had been working with coastal communities opposed to reclamation activities when they disappeared. Photo: AFP

The women were released on Tuesday hours after appearing at a government press conference where they went off script and accused the military of abduction – charges the authorities have repeatedly denied.

Rights groups previously alleged the women had been violently abducted, possibly by “state actors”, apparently in relation to their activism.

“We proved, because of what happened, that what we are fighting for is correct,” a defiant Castro told reporters and activists after being freed.

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Tamano, who was standing next to Castro, called for “the resurfacing of other victims of forced disappearances”.

On September 15, nearly two weeks after the pair’s disappearance, the National Security Council (NSC) and police announced at a news conference that Castro and Tamano were being held in a safe house after they sought help from authorities.

They denied the women were activists and said allegations by “leftist organisations” that they had been abducted was “fake news” and an “elaborate hoax”.

“They were portrayed as environmentalists. They are not environmentalists but leftist organisers. They left the movement of their own free will,” NSC spokesman Jonathan Malaya told reporters at the time.

The truth is we were abducted by the military via a van

Jonila Castro, environmental activist
On Tuesday, however, Castro and Tamano offered a different version of events at a news conference hosted by the government’s National Task Force to End Local Communist Armed Conflict, which was set up by former president Rodrigo Duterte.

The task force has frequently accused government critics of being communist sympathisers, without providing any evidence.

The practice, known as “ red-tagging”, can result in the arrest, detention or even death of the person targeted. It has continued under President Ferdinand Marcos Jnr, who succeeded Duterte in 2022.

“The truth is we were abducted by the military via a van,” Castro told the news conference at the Plaridel Municipal Hall in Bulacan province.

Jhed Tamano (centre left) and Jonila Castro (centre right) react to a welcome from supporters at the Commission on Human Rights headquarters in Quezon City on Tuesday. Photo: EPA-EFE

“We were obliged to surrender because they threatened to kill us. That’s the truth. We did not want to be in the custody of the military.”

Castro said the statement they signed was “not true”.

“We had no choice during that time. We want to show today the state’s blatant fascism towards activists, who only want to fight for Manila Bay,” she said.

Recordings of the news conference were widely shared on X, formerly known as Twitter.

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Links to the videos were later removed from the Facebook pages of Plaridel municipality and the task force.

In a statement, the task force said it “felt betrayed” by the allegations and accused the women of parroting “the propaganda lines of leftist groups on their supposed abduction by security forces”.

The agency said it stood by the military and the police investigation into the incident.

Karapatan, an alliance of local rights groups, said the women’s statements showed official claims they had surrendered to authorities were “all lies and hogwash”.


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